Would your family know how to escape if there was a fire in your home? A home escape
plan is a plan to get out of the home safely in case of fire. Everyone should know two
ways out of each room, because escape may not be as easy as going out the door. Here are
the easy steps to follow to make your home escape plan:
- Get your family together and draw a floor plan of your home. Mark all windows and
- Plan two ways out of each bedroom. The first way out should be the door, and the
second way out could be a window.
- Make sure windows can be opened easily. In a two-story building, plan your escape
through a window onto a roof or porch. If you must use an escape ladder, be sure everyone
knows how to use it. Children should practice this with an adult present.
- Choose a meeting place for all family members outside the home and mark it on the
floor plan. A good meeting place would be a tree, telephone pole, or a neighbors
- Make sure everyone understands the planned escape routes.
- Install smoke detectors outside each sleeping area and on
each additional level of the home. Sleep with bedroom doors closed, but insure that the
smoke detectors being used are loud enough to be heard through closed doors. If not,
replace them with ones that are, or consider installing one inside each bed room. Test
smoke detectors monthly.
- Practice your escape plan. Remember, if you see smoke on your way out use your
second exit. If you must escape through smoke, crawl low under it where the air is
cleaner. Have family members practice using their second way out as well as their primary
- If you live in an apartment, use the stairs never use an elevator in case
of a fire. The elevator could take you to the floor where the fire is burning. If fire
blocks your exit, close your apartment door and cover all cracks where smoke could enter.
Telephone 911, even if fire fighters are already at the building, and tell
them where you are. Wave a sheet, or towel from the window to help fire fighters find you.
Talking about your escape plan is not enough; you have to practice it
at least twice a year. Take a moment to get your family together to make your plan. It
could be a lifesaving project.
For further information and fire
prevention tips go to our Safety Page, or please phone the Yonkers Fire Prevention Division for assistance.